Frequently Asked Questions
What is CBD?
CBD is an acronym for Cannabidiol, a compound found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabis is, of course, most popularly known for the compound, Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, a psychoactive component in that makes people euphoric. CBD, while being derived from the same plant as THC, has no known psychoactive effects. Scientific studies on the effectiveness of CBD have waned considerably behind it’s explosion in popularity. It is important to note that both hemp and marijuana are derived from the Cannabis Sativa family, and CBD can be derived from both.
Are CBD Products Legal?
Yes. But while CBD is legal in all fifty states, there are certain situations where it is considered illegal. There is also a tremendous distinction between the legality of hemp derived CBD and marijuana derived CBD —the latter of which has a stronger propensity to be against the law in many states.
Where is CBD Legal for Recreational Use?
As of January, 2019, there are presently eight states where the Cannabis plant, including both marijuana and hemp, are legal for both recreational and medicinal use. These eight states are Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. CBD in any form is viable and legal, even without a prescription, in each of these eight regions.
Where is CBD Legal for Medical Use?
CBD is legal for medical use without a prescription in the same eight states that deem it legal for recreational use: Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.
This where the question of CBD legality gets a little murkier. There are 17 states having specific legislation for both the THC-levels found in CBD as well as for the specific conditions being treated with CBD. These states are: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Before it is considered legal to purchase or use any CBD product in these states, it is required that you possess a state-issued medical prescription issued by a certified medical doctor. Each state has a particular concentration of THC it allows to be present in a CBD product, with concentration percentages up to 0.3%.
Are There States Where CBD is Flat Out Illegal?
Yes. Marijuana-derived CBD is considered illegal in Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota. That said, specific laws regarding CBD production, sales and possession in these states remain quite convoluted
Is CBD Legal in Federal Statutes?
As of December, 2018, hemp derived CBD products and derivatives are considered legal under Federal law. This is due to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill that dictated that hemp growers and CBD-product manufacturers that hemp will no longer be equated under drug laws with its psychotropic sibling, marijuana.
The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, paving the way for the wholly legal cultivation, possession, sale and distribution of hemp-derived CBD products. In addition, the 2018 Farm Bill leaves it up to states to regulate and limit the production and sale of hemp and hemp products within their borders.
With the issuance of this final order, the Acting Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration places certain drug products that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and which contain cannabidiol (CBD) in schedule V of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Specifically, this order places FDA-approved drugs that contain CBD derived from cannabis and no more than 0.1 percent tetrahydrocannabinols in schedule V. This action is required to satisfy the responsibility of the Acting Administrator under the CSA to place a drug in the schedule he deems most appropriate to carry out United States obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961. Also consistent therewith, DEA is adding such drugs to the list of substances that may only be imported or exported pursuant to a permit.
However, when CBD is derived from hemp or some other lawful source it is not a controlled substance as long as it is below .3% thc.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. It is responsible for regulating and balancing many processes in the body, including immune response, communication between cells, appetite and metabolism, memory, and more.
The ECS was discovered in the 1990's by Dr. L.A. Matsuda during trials whose original goal was to understand how the intoxicating substances found in marijuana affected human physiology. What Matsuda's team discovered was a complex network of cannabinoid receptors structured with the cellular framework of both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Cannabinoid receptors are found numerous places through the body’s structure, and as such, they are crucial for optimal health. In fact, they play a significant role in regulating many bodily functions like motor control, pleasure, immune system function, pain, appetite and sleep.
The ECS’ primary function is to regulate how quickly neurotransmitters within the brain are being released, slowing them down or speeding them up as necessary in order to return to and maintain internal homeostasis after the body has endured a threat. There is preliminary scientific evidence to indicate that when these receptors are stimulated by cannabinoids, or CBD, our bodies system’s can communicate more effectively with themselves. This accelerated biophysical communication can help to relieve depression, lower intestinal inflammation, lower blood pressure and reduce fear and paranoia.
While much remains to be learned about the ECS, there are a few basics that the scientific community largely agrees on. The ECS helps fine-tune the vital physiological functions in both humans and animals. The ECS is key in promoting homeostasis across a wide variety of key daily functions, notably sleep, appetite, pain, inflammation, memory, mood, and even sexual behavior. Presented in the most basic terms, the ECS helps modulate the regulation of homeostasis across all of the body’s major systems, ensuring that each of these disparate systems work in concert with one another.
How Does CBD Affect the ECS?
The human body has a vast network of receptors, called the Endocannabinoid System. The purpose of this system is to help our body stay balanced and in good overall health, even when external factors and certain lifestyle choices diminish our wellbeing. CBD and other cannabinoids fit into the receptors of the Endocannabinoid System, helping the body complete its efforts to keep us in good health by supporting many of the body’s physical processes.
What are the benefits of taking CBD?
While there is no direct scientific evidence, some CBD users have suggested the following benefits from taking CBD oil:
- Sleep Deprivation / Insomnia
- Chronic Pain
- IBS & Chrohn's Disease
- Loss of appetite
- Tremors and Muscle Spasms